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RMIT University Library - Learning Lab



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Annotated bibliographies

Study tips for writing an annotated bibliography on a research topic with structural guidelines

Do I need to reference everything?

There are very clear rules around what needs to be referenced and what does not. Some things are not regarded as plagiarism, such as general knowledge, history and facts.


Example of an integrated reference in academic writing

Formatting activity

Activity for correctly formatting citations in academic writing

Include references

Academic writing and references using quotes and paraphrasing

Inserting references

Where to insert a reference for direct quotes, short quotes and block quotes; references at the beginning middle and end of sentence

Integrating evidence

At postgraduate level you are expected to refer to a wide range sources as evidence of the depth of your reading.

Integrating evidence

To reinforce your argument, integrate the analysis of experts by using citations - both direct and indirect.

Integrating ideas

Integrating ideas in academic writing to create a cohesive argument

Integrating references

Tutorial for using and integrating references in academic writing

International student stories

In this resource, eight RMIT students share some of their experiences in adapting to study in Australia. The resource will introduce four areas that international students often find new and a little...


APA referencing, an in-text referencing style. Where to include citations and how to provide full bibliographic details.


Paraphrasing is when you use someone else's ideas and put them in your own words. Learn more about paraphrasing here.


Academic integrity (Harvard). Plagiarism can be either deliberate, unintentional or sometimes due to poor referencing techniques. The following activity will test your knowledge and raise awareness...

Reference list

Explanation of using a reference list in academic assessment tasks including a summary list of common APA reference list conventions


Links to referencing resources for law students. All assessments need to follow the referencing guidelines for that school. Subjects in the law faculty require referencing in AGLC4 format.


Clear and accurate referencing, using the correct referencing system, is an important aspect of tertiary academic writing.


Clear and accurate referencing, using the correct referencing system, is an important aspect of tertiary academic writing.


The School of Nursing uses the APA style. The following video introduces the basics of APA referencing.


How to correctly use different referencing styles in academic writing to avoid plagiarism and get better marks.