Children are more sensitive to medications than adults. For this reason factors such as the weight, height, age and physical condition of the child become much more important when determining the correct dosage of medication to be administered. Whilst the doctor may prescribe the medication to be administered, it is the responsibility of the nurse to ensure that the medication that is administered is at the correct dose. The nurse is responsible for ensuring the medication order meets legal requirements and is at the correct dose.
Paediatric dosages vary from those that we have been exposed in previous sessions. When calculating a paediatric dose you can use one of two methods of calculation.
- Calculation by weight (kg)
- Calculation by body surface area (BSA)